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What is the Pelvic Floor?

What is the Pelvic Floor?


The Pelvic Floor consists of muscle and connective tissue, which form a sling across the base of the pelvis (like a hammock).  It is a group of muscles even though it is referred to as a single muscle. The pelvic floor has three openings that run through it, the urethra, the vagina, and the rectum

The Pelvic Floor –

  • Supports the pelvic organs, specifically the. bladder, vagina, uterus and bowel
  • Contributes to the closing pressure of the urethra, vagina and anus
  • Is important for bladder and bowel control and sexual function
  • Withstands abdominal pressure which is increased during coughing, sneezing, vomiting, lifting, laughing etc
  • Works with abdominal and spinal muscles to support your spine
  • Assists with pregnancy and childbirth

Everyone has a pelvic floor and should be exercising it everyday to assist in prevention of incontinence in your older years (YES MEN TOO)


Signs of a weak Pelvic Floor


  • Urine loss when you cough, sneeze, lift or exercise
  • Frequency – passing urine more then 6-8 times a day
  • Urgency –
    •  an urgent need to pass urine
    • Unable to hold until you find a toilet
  • Prolapse – you may feel a bulging, dragging or heavy sensation
  • Poor control of wind
  • Decreased sensation and tone in the vagina during intercourse
  • Difficulty evacuating bowel motions
  • Unable to completely empty when you pass urine
  • Frequent urinary tract infections due to poor bladder emptying

If you are unsure of how to exercise your pelvic floor please book in to see one of specialist Physiotherapists.

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